Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune mediated condition of the central nervous system. In MS, the insulating coating around nerve fibers (called myelin) is damaged. Myelin is necessary for the transmission of nerve impulses through nerve fibers.
If damage to myelin is minimal, nerve impulses travel with minor interruptions; however, if damage is severe, nerve impulses may be completely disrupted, and the nerve fibers themselves can be damaged.
These damages cause a range of symptoms experience by people with MS.
It is estimated that 2.5 million individuals worldwide suffer from MS and there are about 1000 sufferers here in Malaysia. Most people are diagnosed between the ages of 20 and 40. Three times as many women have MS as men. MS is the leading cause of disability in the young.
Once diagnosed, MS stays with you, but treatments and can help you to manage the condition and its symptoms.